The City of Butuan is a the regional center of the Caraga Region and one of the highy urbanized cities in the Philippines. It is located at the northeastern part of Agusan Valley, sprawling across the Agusan Rive. It is bounded to the north, west and south by Agusan del Norte, to the east by Agusan del Sur and to the northwest by Butuan Bay. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 298,378 people.
The name “Butuan” is believed to have originated from the sour fruit “Batuan”. Other etymology sources say that it comes from a certain “Datu Buntuan”, a chieftain who once ruled over Butuan.
As early as the 10th century, people from Butuan had already established trading relations with the Kingdom of Champa (now southern Vietnam) and Sri Vijaya Empire of Java. By the 11th century, Butuan was the center of trade and commerce in the Philippines. The evidence to prove this fact is the discovery of 9 balangays (the Butuan Boat) and other archaeological find in the vicinities of Butuan City, particularly in Ambangan, Libertad near the old El Rio de Butuan and Masao River.